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    Raymond Joly's engravings published in Germain Marc'hadour's L'Univers de Thomas More, and commented by himself.

    Page 44  -  Giovanni Pico della Mirandolla (I463-I494)

         More translated the biography, several letters, a comment of the psalm 15 (conserva me), and a prayer in classical verses.

         Friend of Savonarole, and object/subject of a H. de Lubac's big book.

    Page 52  -  The Parachute such as conceived by Vinci

    Page 61  -  Charles VIII signature

    Page 83  -  Nicolas Copernic (I473-I543)

         whose life embraces that of More, but neither More nor Erasmus heard about him. Moreana marked his 500th anniversary (No.50, 89-90).

         More, first writer to admit the antipodes in literature (CW6, p66), would not have burned the Polish canon héliocentrism.

    Page 90  -  Vinci (I452-I5I9)

         is inspired by a self-portrait with his Last Supper at Milan. Same generation as the father of More.
         He is as Peak curious about everything; and of a creative imagination.
         In English he his called Vinci, from his birthplace's name. Art on him in Moreana No.23, I09-II2 for the 400th anniversary of his death in France.

    Page 93  -  Breton Calvary, perhaps Guimilian's ?

         They are almost all of the I7th century, the late baroque, and often contain a whole summary of the gospel, from crib to the cross. Under arms, soldiers, in the middle Mary and John.
         The thieves, with an angel who takes the penitent's soul and a devil who takes the impenitent's soul.

    Page 97  -  Anne of Brittany (I477-I5I4)

         Contemporary of More, born in Nantes on January 26, I477 (two weeks [or one year...] before him), crowned Duchess in Rennes on February I0, I489, aged I2, promises her hand to the emperor (I490 ), gives it (under pressure) to Charles VIII (I492 ) - no child lived-, then to his successor Louis XII (I499 ) who has obtained a statement of nullity of his marriage (forced) with Jeanne, daughter of Louis XI.
         Mother of Claude (I499 ) who will marry Francis I, and of Renée, Duchess of Ferrare.
         Present in More works by the naval battle of August, I5I2, which inspired an anti-English epic to Germain de Brie, provoking a strong replica of More. Her royal nave La Cordelière occupies a big place in More's Latin works.

    Page 101  -  Albretch Dürer (I47I-I528)

         One of its numerous self-portraits. 
    Portrait painter of Erasmus.
         Lengthly presence in Moreana No. 30, 5I-57, five hundred years anniversary of his birth, on the No. 24 cover (Erasmus favourite likeness), melancholy No. 65, I38 and also No. I0I, II0-I22 and No. II0, II2-II3.

    Page 110  -  Mysterious map from the Middle Ages

         Where Africa and Asia are just evoked, with naves on unexplored seas. 
    Scotland and Ireland are absent. Hungary is the Far-East.      According to Al Idrisi's map, XIth century.

    Page III  -  Erasmus by Hans Holbein The Young

         who painted him at least 3 times, and who illustrated the Praise of the Folly.
         It is to Erasmus that the artist, come to Chelsea on his recommendation, sent the More family drawing of I527.

    Page II7  -  Michelangelo Buonarotti (I475-I564)

         His life includes that of More. 
    With his famous David, pride of Florence even today, less known than his St Pierre's Pieta of Rome - the dome of which he also creates - (and two other Pieta), and his Sixtin Chapel frescoes.
         His stormy relationships with Jules II, and his mystic friendship with Victoria Colonna.

    Page I46 - Christo Ferens, portant le Christ

         Mysterious monogram.
         It has been interpreted 3 "S" as Sanctus Sanctus Sanctus (Isaïe and the Mass), "A" as Adonaï, and the last line as Christus Maria Yosephou Servate Maria.

    Page I47  -  Christopher Colombus (I45I-I506)

         Born the same year as John More Senior. 
    Cross on the caravel, I506, date chosen by Joly.
         More was 15 when the discovery took place, but doubtless had knowledge only in 1507, when was published a story inspired by Amerigo Vespucci, and where the New World takes his name. It is thus Vespucci who appears in Utopia.

    Page I58  -  Saint Jacques Tower, in Paris 4th district

         Its construction began in I508 at the same time of that of the City hall of Basel. 
    Visible of Raymond Joly's apartment.      It was used as a mark for the Compostelle pilgrims who were welcomed by St Jacques's parish.
         Its height allowed Pascal to experiment the air resistance against gravity.

    Page I83  -  Julius II (I443-I5I3)

         Pope from I503 (after Alexandre VI) to I5I3 (before Leo X), he took Julius Caesar's name the warrior humor of whom he shared.
         Held in contempt by Erasmus who saw him enter, helmet on his head, by a breach, in Bologna (I503 ).
         Held in contempt by Louis XII, who vainly tried to set up a Council against him, but had to bow when the pope convened the 5th Latran Oeucumenic Council (I5I2-I5I7), which did not leave durable reforms.      Arts sponsor, as will be his successor.

    Page I93  -  Ulrich von Hutten (I488-I523)

         Little monk, then knight. Bright writer whom Erasmus greets as soon as I5I6 and to whom he sends his July 23, 1519 letter about More (to give him a model of peaceful commitment), and whose Dialogue on Aula (the Court life) was sent, in I5I8, to More by the printer Froben.
         Camps life imposed him the syphilis, the (ineffective) cure of which inspired him the De morbo gallico treaty and - by fear of the contagion - Erasmus refused to welcome him in Basel in I523, what he explained in a paper mercilessly for the scruffy individual who left muses for war.

    Page 2I0  -  Leo X (I475-I524)

         Exact contemporary of More, big hope of the humanists: Erasmus dedicates him Novum Testamentum ( I5I6 ). But prefers the arts (and hunting) to the theology, and treats Luther without consideration.
         He ends the Latran Council, signs with Francis I the Bologna Concordate (I5I6), which rules the relationships between France and the Roman See until the French revolution.


    Page 225  -  Guillaume Budé (I467-I540)

         The greatest French humanist, pioneer of the Greek philology.
         More admires him, corresponds with him, meets him at the Field of the Cloth of Gold. Erasmus treats him somehow like a rival: Tunstal compares them in a letre lengthy letter translated by Pierre Mesnard in Moreana No.I9-20, special Budé issue.
         Francis I's librarian, he militates a lot for creation of chairs which will become the Collège de France.
         He enriches the second edition of Utopia (I5I7) with a famous foreword quoted a thousand times, the first French translation of which occupies pages 43-49 of Moreana I9-20.

    Page 24I  -  Martin Luther (I483-I546)

         Augustin monk, professor of Holy Writ at Wittemberg, where from started in I5I7 the challenge launched onto the Church with the aim of a Reformation.
         Introduced the return to the Bible (Sciptura sola), preached that faith only (fides sola) leads to the salvation, denied the free will, reduced the sacraments to two:  Christening and Eucharist, refused a Council gathered somewhere else that in Germany, also parted from Swiss Protestants who denied the real presence, married to an ex-Cistercian, Katherine von Bora, left Melanchthon with the care of preparing the Confession of Augsburg (I530 ) which summarizes its doctrine.

    Page 345  -  Charles I of Castile (I500-I558)

         Elected emperor in I5I9, and crowned by Clément VII in I530.
         Fought 30 years against Francis I whom he arrested at Pavie on his 25th birthday (I525 ): in I529 More signed the Treaty of Cambrai reconciling 2 rulers and Henry VIII      Defender of Christendom, he fights against Turkish in Mediterranean Sea. Abdicate (I555) in favour of his son Philippe II.

    Page 435  -  Henry VIII (I491-I547)

         King in I509: More greeted its couronement by an Ode which also praises queen Catherine, and entered his service at first by missions, then in the Royal Council, but angered him by refusing to approve the repudiation of the queen, and especially that of the papal supremacy (I534 ).
         With six wives Henry VIII had only only three children: Edouard VI king from I547 till I553, Mary queen from I553 till I558 and Elizabeth queen from I558 till I603.
         The Anglican schism still continues, the sovereign is still Defensor Fidei.

    Page 450  -  John Fisher (I469-I535)

         The flagship of the University of Cambridge, Life-Chancellor of which he was. He got it a Chair for Erasmus.
          Bishop of Rochester, he was the most highly-rated preacher of England, and the the most esteemed polemicist in front of Luther (as soon as I523) and Œcolampade.

         Imprisoned at the same time as More (in April, I534), he was beheaded on June 22nd, I535 for refusal to recognize king as supreme leader of the Church of England.

    Page 5I0  -  Thomas Cromwell (I485-I540)

         Entered as jurist at the service of Wolsey who, in I530, by his death, hand him over to Henry VIII, whose most listened Councillor he became almost immediately.
         He knew how to maneuver the Parliament to make it vote, gradually, for all the laws which made of king supreme leader for religious matter as well as for civilian ones.
         He disappointed Henry VIII in the choice of his 5th wife (Anne de Clèves) and paid it by being beheaded.

    Page 524  -  Thomas Cranmer (I489-I556)

         As archbishop of Canterbury, and Primate of England, was the founder, with Cromwell, of the Anglican Church.
         He blesses the marriage of Henry VIII with Anne Boleyn and baptized the fruit: Elizabeth.      He created the liturgy in English language, but Mary Tudor charged him with the schism by condemning him for the stake.